Daily Foreign Bereaux Rates - Reserve Bank of Malawi

Parallel Market Rate

Naira strengthens against dollar ahead of CBN FX sales to BDCs - Parallel Market Rate
Aug 29, 2020: $1 to N471
Aug 30, 2020: $1 to N465
Aug 31, 2020: $1 to N450
Sept 1, 2020: $1 to N430
Sept 2, 2020: $1 to N420
The Naira has gained N51 in 5 days.
The naira has strengthened at the parallel market to N420 against the dollar after the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) announced that it would resume dollar sales to bureau de change operators.
Before the announcement, the naira had been trading as low as N480 against the dollar.
Upon resumption, the apex bank said BDCs must not exchange the naira at more than N386/$ to end-users.
The CBN said its decision to resume FX sales to BDCs is to enhance accessibility to forex “particularly to travellers” since the resumption date for international flights has been announced.
The CBN also said deposit money banks shall continue to sell forex for travel-related invisible transactions to customers and non-customers over the counter upon presentation of relevant travel documents, passport, air ticket and visa.
submitted by kingkentus to Nigeria [link] [comments]

What impact does NFP have on the forex market?

Nonfarm payroll employment is a compiled name for goods, construction and manufacturing companies in the US. It does not include farm workers, private household employees, or non-profit organization employees.
It is an influential statistic and economic indicator released monthly by the United States Department of Labor as part of a comprehensive report on the state of the labor market.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics releases data on the first Friday of the month, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.
This data is analyzed closely because of its importance in identifying the rate of economic growth and inflation.
Nonfarm payroll is included in the monthly Employment Situation or informally the jobs report and affects the US dollar, the Foreign exchange market, the bond market, and the stock market.
The markets react very quickly and most of the time in a very volatile fashion around the time the NFP data is released. The short-term market moves indicate that there is a very strong correlation between the NFP data and the strength of the US dollar. Historical price movement data shows a small negative correlation between the NFP data and the US dollar Index.
The figure released is the change in nonfarm payrolls (NFP), compared to the previous month, and is usually between +10,000 and +250,000 during non-recessional times. The NFP number is meant to represent the number of jobs added or lost in the economy over the last month, not including jobs relating to the farming industry.
As with other indicators, the difference between the actual non-farm data and expected figures will determine the overall impact on the market. If the non-farm payroll is expanding, this is a good indication that the economy is growing, and vice versa. However, if increases in non-farm payroll occur at a fast rate, this may lead to an increase in inflation. In forex, the level of actual non-farm payroll compared to payroll estimates is taken very seriously. If the actual data comes in lower than economists' estimates, forex traders will usually sell U.S. dollars in anticipation of a weakening currency. The opposite is true when the data is higher than economists' expectations.
submitted by top1markets to u/top1markets [link] [comments]

What impact does NFP have on the forex market?

What impact does NFP have on the forex market?
Nonfarm payroll employment is a compiled name for goods, construction and manufacturing companies in the US. It does not include farm workers, private household employees, or non-profit organization employees.

https://preview.redd.it/7xp41ft401a51.jpg?width=750&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=467c40fa530f23c5a425c3aa449b3e306a027381
It is an influential statistic and economic indicator released monthly by the United States Department of Labor as part of a comprehensive report on the state of the labor market.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics releases data on the first Friday of the month, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.
This data is analyzed closely because of its importance in identifying the rate of economic growth and inflation.
Nonfarm payroll is included in the monthly Employment Situation or informally the jobs report and affects the US dollar, the Foreign exchange market, the bond market, and the stock market.
The markets react very quickly and most of the time in a very volatile fashion around the time the NFP data is released. The short-term market moves indicate that there is a very strong correlation between the NFP data and the strength of the US dollar. Historical price movement data shows a small negative correlation between the NFP data and the US dollar Index.
The figure released is the change in nonfarm payrolls (NFP), compared to the previous month, and is usually between +10,000 and +250,000 during non-recessional times. The NFP number is meant to represent the number of jobs added or lost in the economy over the last month, not including jobs relating to the farming industry.
As with other indicators, the difference between the actual non-farm data and expected figures will determine the overall impact on the market. If the non-farm payroll is expanding, this is a good indication that the economy is growing, and vice versa. However, if increases in non-farm payroll occur at a fast rate, this may lead to an increase in inflation. In forex, the level of actual non-farm payroll compared to payroll estimates is taken very seriously. If the actual data comes in lower than economists' estimates, forex traders will usually sell U.S. dollars in anticipation of a weakening currency. The opposite is true when the data is higher than economists' expectations.
submitted by top1markets to u/top1markets [link] [comments]

FOCUS ON INNOVATION AND QUALITY ALWAYS GOES A LONG WAY

FOCUS ON INNOVATION AND QUALITY ALWAYS GOES A LONG WAY
India has clearly shown intent towards adopting solar energy to bring electricity to its furthest corners. The country has taken inspiring initiatives, shouldering reformations, facilitating industrial growth, and bringing investment to support the mission to utilize sustainable energy. Also, solar power has come a long way since 1977 when solar panels were priced at $77 per watt peak. Currently, the price for solar panels varies between $0.33-$0.36 cents/per watt peak, indicating more than 99% fall in prices. Moreover, the solar energy industry is growing in demand and in acceptance. Recently, the global solar industry has been adding close to 100 GW of capacity year over year and gaining more than $130 billion investment globally. Therefore, the argument can be made that this is the perfect time for India to move ahead and seize the opportunities (energy reliance, manufacturing industry growth, increased export revenue) that solar brings. As I have said already, while the intent for green energy adoption is present in India, we still have to remember that solar energy only has 8% share in the country’s total installed energy capacity.

Image source: vikramsolar.com
Even with the Government’s new plans such as-
  • Investing INR 100 lakh crore for infrastructure development
  • ‘One Nation, One Power’ grid implementation
  • Creating ‘Manufacturing, Repair and Operate’ (MRO) industry
  • Making India a PV Cells and module manufacturing hub
  • Supporting growth of EV and energy storage industry
It is not enough to prepare India to seize the solar energy demand in and out of the country.
Focus on Innovation is Necessary
Mass adoption of green energy in India is the only way for us to reduce fossil fuel import costs (~$100 billion), facilitate industrial growth, restore climate, and claim export markets. The most important component that can assist in mass adoption of green energy is innovation. Not just giants like China or the U.S. even emerging economies like South Korea, Vietnam are investing huge amounts of money to enhance solar panel technologies through R&D and brewing competition between solar panel manufacturers (Top Runner program) to speed up technological evolution for solar.
For example,
China invested $40.4 bn in solar power in 2018. If we are to consider that more than 60% of the world’s solar panels are made in China, it is easy to comprehend that China is critically invested in continuously improving solar energy technology, to arrest global demand.
China’s industrial policy takes credit for such focus on innovation. As a result, China recorded 150,000 renewable energy patents in 2016, 29% of the global total and the world’s top 11 solar panel manufacturers are now based in mainland China.
The U.S. has always been the forerunner in solar technology, considering that the U.S. first discovered the solar cell. In addition, the U.S. Department of Energy and Spectrolab invented the most efficient solar cell technology with a light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 40% in 2007.
Understanding that the estimated value of solar power is projected to reach $422 bn by 2022, developing countries like Kenya invested $1.3 bn in renewable energy technologies a few years ago.
I believe that this clearly portrays how focusing on solar manufacturing, improving infrastructure, mandating best in class product use, and enforcement of quality guidelines in the solar energy industry can lead to innovation, which is important for faster adoption of solar.
Innovation in Technology
The major part of solar innovation has to be technological. Fortunately, solar power technology is much simplified than that of fossil fuel technology. Considering the rising population (7.6 bn currently), it is easy to comprehend that innovation is necessary to reduce space requirements, increase efficiency and reliability to make solar a mainstream energy source.
For that to happen Government of India needs to focus towards cross-country solar technological exchange (ISA is a decisive move by India in this regard), as agreement of technological collaboration will lead to rapid solar energy growth. Investing in technological development is also important, as it will build a better infrastructure for renewable energy development.
Besides, technology is not the only area where we need innovation to support solar. India must focus on establishing better financial support and solutions in the solar financing sector. The global private sector has shown interest to invest in solar R&D in India. However, flexible and innovative financial strategies are needed to enhance investor interest and allow foreign financial help commitments to turn into reality. Strategies like- providing tax deductions on R&D spend by solar power companies will surely encourage more investment in solar technology development.
Focusing on Quality
Focusing on quality is important to assure reliability and energy security from solar, which are the only way to increase green energy adoption in India.
Indian project developers rely on “self-defined” quality criteria to import more than 90% of solar modules for the domestic industry. Since modules contribute to more than 55% of the CAPEX required to build the solar power plant, the risk associated with poor module quality is therefore significant. Especially so, as the outflow in forex due to module import is several billion dollars every year.
The Government of India has recognised the risk and introduced the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) certification to ensure the quality of solar module used for projects in India. While it is an honest attempt to mitigate risks associated with poor quality, there are several reasons why these particular objectives are currently not being met.
What India needs immediately is a strong Government effort to drive quality in a more holistic manner rather than blindly follow the BIS certification route. Development of new standards for module testing for India-specific climatic condition is the need of the hour. Close monitoring of quality control processes on the shop floor in the Indian domestic manufacturer site is an assured way to confirm 100% quality assurance. Specific quality plans for mass manufacturing needs to be followed and deployed on shop floors in order to make this happen. Finally, a sure way to support domestic solar power manufacturing industry is to develop a robust and sustainable domestic supply chain, which will provide quality materials for manufacturing modules at competitive rates.
Way Forward
Therefore, as it appears through our discussion, innovation and quality focus is of great importance for India to finally accept solar energy as the reliable mainstream energy source we want it to be. The quicker the green energy shift has taken effect, the better it would be for India and the world. Moreover, the only way to make it happen is through investment, policy support, and taking immediate action to improve solar quality and encourage innovation.
Source: https://www.vikramsolar.com/focus-on-innovation-and-quality-always-goes-a-long-way/
submitted by vikramsolarpower to u/vikramsolarpower [link] [comments]

CRYPTOCURRENCY BITCOIN

CRYPTOCURRENCY BITCOIN
Bitcoin Table of contents expand: 1. What is Bitcoin? 2. Understanding Bitcoin 3. How Bitcoin Works 4. What's a Bitcoin Worth? 5. How Bitcoin Began 6. Who Invented Bitcoin? 7. Before Satoshi 8. Why Is Satoshi Anonymous? 9. The Suspects 10. Can Satoshi's Identity Be Proven? 11. Receiving Bitcoins As Payment 12. Working For Bitcoins 13. Bitcoin From Interest Payments 14. Bitcoins From Gambling 15. Investing in Bitcoins 16. Risks of Bitcoin Investing 17. Bitcoin Regulatory Risk 18. Security Risk of Bitcoins 19. Insurance Risk 20. Risk of Bitcoin Fraud 21. Market Risk 22. Bitcoin's Tax Risk What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is a digital currency created in January 2009. It follows the ideas set out in a white paper by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto, whose true identity is yet to be verified. Bitcoin offers the promise of lower transaction fees than traditional online payment mechanisms and is operated by a decentralized authority, unlike government-issued currencies.
There are no physical bitcoins, only balances kept on a public ledger in the cloud, that – along with all Bitcoin transactions – is verified by a massive amount of computing power. Bitcoins are not issued or backed by any banks or governments, nor are individual bitcoins valuable as a commodity. Despite it not being legal tender, Bitcoin charts high on popularity, and has triggered the launch of other virtual currencies collectively referred to as Altcoins.
Understanding Bitcoin Bitcoin is a type of cryptocurrency: Balances are kept using public and private "keys," which are long strings of numbers and letters linked through the mathematical encryption algorithm that was used to create them. The public key (comparable to a bank account number) serves as the address which is published to the world and to which others may send bitcoins. The private key (comparable to an ATM PIN) is meant to be a guarded secret and only used to authorize Bitcoin transmissions. Style notes: According to the official Bitcoin Foundation, the word "Bitcoin" is capitalized in the context of referring to the entity or concept, whereas "bitcoin" is written in the lower case when referring to a quantity of the currency (e.g. "I traded 20 bitcoin") or the units themselves. The plural form can be either "bitcoin" or "bitcoins."
How Bitcoin Works Bitcoin is one of the first digital currencies to use peer-to-peer technology to facilitate instant payments. The independent individuals and companies who own the governing computing power and participate in the Bitcoin network, also known as "miners," are motivated by rewards (the release of new bitcoin) and transaction fees paid in bitcoin. These miners can be thought of as the decentralized authority enforcing the credibility of the Bitcoin network. New bitcoin is being released to the miners at a fixed, but periodically declining rate, such that the total supply of bitcoins approaches 21 million. One bitcoin is divisible to eight decimal places (100 millionths of one bitcoin), and this smallest unit is referred to as a Satoshi. If necessary, and if the participating miners accept the change, Bitcoin could eventually be made divisible to even more decimal places. Bitcoin mining is the process through which bitcoins are released to come into circulation. Basically, it involves solving a computationally difficult puzzle to discover a new block, which is added to the blockchain and receiving a reward in the form of a few bitcoins. The block reward was 50 new bitcoins in 2009; it decreases every four years. As more and more bitcoins are created, the difficulty of the mining process – that is, the amount of computing power involved – increases. The mining difficulty began at 1.0 with Bitcoin's debut back in 2009; at the end of the year, it was only 1.18. As of February 2019, the mining difficulty is over 6.06 billion. Once, an ordinary desktop computer sufficed for the mining process; now, to combat the difficulty level, miners must use faster hardware like Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC), more advanced processing units like Graphic Processing Units (GPUs), etc.
What's a Bitcoin Worth? In 2017 alone, the price of Bitcoin rose from a little under $1,000 at the beginning of the year to close to $19,000, ending the year more than 1,400% higher. Bitcoin's price is also quite dependent on the size of its mining network since the larger the network is, the more difficult – and thus more costly – it is to produce new bitcoins. As a result, the price of bitcoin has to increase as its cost of production also rises. The Bitcoin mining network's aggregate power has more than tripled over the past twelve months.
How Bitcoin Began
Aug. 18, 2008: The domain name bitcoin.org is registered. Today, at least, this domain is "WhoisGuard Protected," meaning the identity of the person who registered it is not public information.
Oct. 31, 2008: Someone using the name Satoshi Nakamoto makes an announcement on The Cryptography Mailing list at metzdowd.com: "I've been working on a new electronic cash system that's fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party. The paper is available at http://www.bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf." This link leads to the now-famous white paper published on bitcoin.org entitled "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System." This paper would become the Magna Carta for how Bitcoin operates today.
Jan. 3, 2009: The first Bitcoin block is mined, Block 0. This is also known as the "genesis block" and contains the text: "The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks," perhaps as proof that the block was mined on or after that date, and perhaps also as relevant political commentary.
Jan. 8, 2009: The first version of the Bitcoin software is announced on The Cryptography Mailing list.
Jan. 9, 2009: Block 1 is mined, and Bitcoin mining commences in earnest.
Who Invented Bitcoin?
No one knows. Not conclusively, at any rate. Satoshi Nakamoto is the name associated with the person or group of people who released the original Bitcoin white paper in 2008 and worked on the original Bitcoin software that was released in 2009. The Bitcoin protocol requires users to enter a birthday upon signup, and we know that an individual named Satoshi Nakamoto registered and put down April 5 as a birth date. And that's about it.
Before Satoshi
Though it is tempting to believe the media's spin that Satoshi Nakamoto is a solitary, quixotic genius who created Bitcoin out of thin air, such innovations do not happen in a vacuum. All major scientific discoveries, no matter how original-seeming, were built on previously existing research. There are precursors to Bitcoin: Adam Back’s Hashcash, invented in 1997, and subsequently Wei Dai’s b-money, Nick Szabo’s bit gold and Hal Finney’s Reusable Proof of Work. The Bitcoin white paper itself cites Hashcash and b-money, as well as various other works spanning several research fields.
Why Is Satoshi Anonymous?
There are two primary motivations for keeping Bitcoin's inventor keeping his or her or their identity secret. One is privacy. As Bitcoin has gained in popularity – becoming something of a worldwide phenomenon – Satoshi Nakamoto would likely garner a lot of attention from the media and from governments.
The other reason is safety. Looking at 2009 alone, 32,489 blocks were mined; at the then-reward rate of 50 BTC per block, the total payout in 2009 was 1,624,500 BTC, which at today’s prices is over $900 million. One may conclude that only Satoshi and perhaps a few other people were mining through 2009 and that they possess a majority of that $900 million worth of BTC. Someone in possession of that much BTC could become a target of criminals, especially since bitcoins are less like stocks and more like cash, where the private keys needed to authorize spending could be printed out and literally kept under a mattress. While it's likely the inventor of Bitcoin would take precautions to make any extortion-induced transfers traceable, remaining anonymous is a good way for Satoshi to limit exposure.
The Suspects
Numerous people have been suggested as possible Satoshi Nakamoto by major media outlets. Oct. 10, 2011, The New Yorker published an article speculating that Nakamoto might be Irish cryptography student Michael Clear or economic sociologist Vili Lehdonvirta. A day later, Fast Company suggested that Nakamoto could be a group of three people – Neal King, Vladimir Oksman and Charles Bry – who together appear on a patent related to secure communications that were filed two months before bitcoin.org was registered. A Vice article published in May 2013 added more suspects to the list, including Gavin Andresen, the Bitcoin project’s lead developer; Jed McCaleb, co-founder of now-defunct Bitcoin exchange Mt. Gox; and famed Japanese mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki.
In December 2013, Techcrunch published an interview with researcher Skye Grey who claimed textual analysis of published writings shows a link between Satoshi and bit-gold creator Nick Szabo. And perhaps most famously, in March 2014, Newsweek ran a cover article claiming that Satoshi is actually an individual named Satoshi Nakamoto – a 64-year-old Japanese-American engineer living in California. The list of suspects is long, and all the individuals deny being Satoshi.
Can Satoshi's Identity Be Proven?
It would seem even early collaborators on the project don’t have verifiable proof of Satoshi’s identity. To reveal conclusively who Satoshi Nakamoto is, a definitive link would need to be made between his/her activity with Bitcoin and his/her identity. That could come in the form of linking the party behind the domain registration of bitcoin.org, email and forum accounts used by Satoshi Nakamoto, or ownership of some portion of the earliest mined bitcoins. Even though the bitcoins Satoshi likely possesses are traceable on the blockchain, it seems he/she has yet to cash them out in a way that reveals his/her identity. If Satoshi were to move his/her bitcoins to an exchange today, this might attract attention, but it seems unlikely that a well-funded and successful exchange would betray a customer's privacy.
Receiving Bitcoins As Payment
Bitcoins can be accepted as a means of payment for products sold or services provided. If you have a brick and mortar store, just display a sign saying “Bitcoin Accepted Here” and many of your customers may well take you up on it; the transactions can be handled with the requisite hardware terminal or wallet address through QR codes and touch screen apps. An online business can easily accept bitcoins by just adding this payment option to the others it offers, like credit cards, PayPal, etc. Online payments will require a Bitcoin merchant tool (an external processor like Coinbase or BitPay).
Working For Bitcoins
Those who are self-employed can get paid for a job in bitcoins. There are several websites/job boards which are dedicated to the digital currency:
Work For Bitcoin brings together work seekers and prospective employers through its websiteCoinality features jobs – freelance, part-time and full-time – that offer payment in bitcoins, as well as Dogecoin and LitecoinJobs4Bitcoins, part of reddit.comBitGigs
Bitcoin From Interest Payments
Another interesting way (literally) to earn bitcoins is by lending them out and being repaid in the currency. Lending can take three forms – direct lending to someone you know; through a website which facilitates peer-to-peer transactions, pairing borrowers and lenders; or depositing bitcoins in a virtual bank that offers a certain interest rate for Bitcoin accounts. Some such sites are Bitbond, BitLendingClub, and BTCjam. Obviously, you should do due diligence on any third-party site.
Bitcoins From Gambling
It’s possible to play at casinos that cater to Bitcoin aficionados, with options like online lotteries, jackpots, spread betting, and other games. Of course, the pros and cons and risks that apply to any sort of gambling and betting endeavors are in force here too.
Investing in Bitcoins
There are many Bitcoin supporters who believe that digital currency is the future. Those who endorse it are of the view that it facilitates a much faster, no-fee payment system for transactions across the globe. Although it is not itself any backed by any government or central bank, bitcoin can be exchanged for traditional currencies; in fact, its exchange rate against the dollar attracts potential investors and traders interested in currency plays. Indeed, one of the primary reasons for the growth of digital currencies like Bitcoin is that they can act as an alternative to national fiat money and traditional commodities like gold.
In March 2014, the IRS stated that all virtual currencies, including bitcoins, would be taxed as property rather than currency. Gains or losses from bitcoins held as capital will be realized as capital gains or losses, while bitcoins held as inventory will incur ordinary gains or losses.
Like any other asset, the principle of buying low and selling high applies to bitcoins. The most popular way of amassing the currency is through buying on a Bitcoin exchange, but there are many other ways to earn and own bitcoins. Here are a few options which Bitcoin enthusiasts can explore.
Risks of Bitcoin Investing
Though Bitcoin was not designed as a normal equity investment (no shares have been issued), some speculative investors were drawn to the digital money after it appreciated rapidly in May 2011 and again in November 2013. Thus, many people purchase bitcoin for its investment value rather than as a medium of exchange.
However, their lack of guaranteed value and digital nature means the purchase and use of bitcoins carries several inherent risks. Many investor alerts have been issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), and other agencies.
The concept of a virtual currency is still novel and, compared to traditional investments, Bitcoin doesn't have much of a long-term track record or history of credibility to back it. With their increasing use, bitcoins are becoming less experimental every day, of course; still, after eight years, they (like all digital currencies) remain in a development phase, still evolving. "It is pretty much the highest-risk, highest-return investment that you can possibly make,” says Barry Silbert, CEO of Digital Currency Group, which builds and invests in Bitcoin and blockchain companies.
Bitcoin Regulatory Risk
Investing money into Bitcoin in any of its many guises is not for the risk-averse. Bitcoins are a rival to government currency and may be used for black market transactions, money laundering, illegal activities or tax evasion. As a result, governments may seek to regulate, restrict or ban the use and sale of bitcoins, and some already have. Others are coming up with various rules. For example, in 2015, the New York State Department of Financial Services finalized regulations that would require companies dealing with the buy, sell, transfer or storage of bitcoins to record the identity of customers, have a compliance officer and maintain capital reserves. The transactions worth $10,000 or more will have to be recorded and reported.
Although more agencies will follow suit, issuing rules and guidelines, the lack of uniform regulations about bitcoins (and other virtual currency) raises questions over their longevity, liquidity, and universality.
Security Risk of Bitcoins
Bitcoin exchanges are entirely digital and, as with any virtual system, are at risk from hackers, malware and operational glitches. If a thief gains access to a Bitcoin owner's computer hard drive and steals his private encryption key, he could transfer the stolen Bitcoins to another account. (Users can prevent this only if bitcoins are stored on a computer which is not connected to the internet, or else by choosing to use a paper wallet – printing out the Bitcoin private keys and addresses, and not keeping them on a computer at all.) Hackers can also target Bitcoin exchanges, gaining access to thousands of accounts and digital wallets where bitcoins are stored. One especially notorious hacking incident took place in 2014, when Mt. Gox, a Bitcoin exchange in Japan, was forced to close down after millions of dollars worth of bitcoins were stolen.
This is particularly problematic once you remember that all Bitcoin transactions are permanent and irreversible. It's like dealing with cash: Any transaction carried out with bitcoins can only be reversed if the person who has received them refunds them. There is no third party or a payment processor, as in the case of a debit or credit card – hence, no source of protection or appeal if there is a problem.
Insurance Risk
Some investments are insured through the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. Normal bank accounts are insured through the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) up to a certain amount depending on the jurisdiction. Bitcoin exchanges and Bitcoin accounts are not insured by any type of federal or government program.
Risk of Bitcoin Fraud
While Bitcoin uses private key encryption to verify owners and register transactions, fraudsters and scammers may attempt to sell false bitcoins. For instance, in July 2013, the SEC brought legal action against an operator of a Bitcoin-related Ponzi scheme.
Market Risk
Like with any investment, Bitcoin values can fluctuate. Indeed, the value of the currency has seen wild swings in price over its short existence. Subject to high volume buying and selling on exchanges, it has a high sensitivity to “news." According to the CFPB, the price of bitcoins fell by 61% in a single day in 2013, while the one-day price drop in 2014 has been as big as 80%.
If fewer people begin to accept Bitcoin as a currency, these digital units may lose value and could become worthless. There is already plenty of competition, and though Bitcoin has a huge lead over the other 100-odd digital currencies that have sprung up, thanks to its brand recognition and venture capital money, a technological break-through in the form of a better virtual coin is always a threat.
Bitcoin's Tax Risk
As bitcoin is ineligible to be included in any tax-advantaged retirement accounts, there are no good, legal options to shield investments from taxation.
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Related Terms
Satoshi
The satoshi is the smallest unit of the bitcoin cryptocurrency. It is named after Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of the protocol used in block chains and the bitcoin cryptocurrency.
Chartalism Chartalism is a non-mainstream theory of money that emphasizes the impact of government policies and activities on the value of money.
Satoshi Nakamoto The name used by the unknown creator of the protocol used in the bitcoin cryptocurrency. Satoshi Nakamoto is closely-associated with blockchain technology.
Bitcoin Mining, Explained Breaking down everything you need to know about Bitcoin Mining, from Blockchain and Block Rewards to Proof-of-Work and Mining Pools.
Understanding Bitcoin Unlimited Bitcoin Unlimited is a proposed upgrade to Bitcoin Core that allows larger block sizes. The upgrade is designed to improve transaction speed through scale.
Blockchain Explained
A guide to help you understand what blockchain is and how it can be used by industries. You've probably encountered a definition like this: “blockchain is a distributed, decentralized, public ledger." But blockchain is easier to understand than it sounds.
Top 6 Books to Learn About Bitcoin About UsAdvertiseContactPrivacy PolicyTerms of UseCareers Investopedia is part of the Dotdash publishing family.The Balance Lifewire TripSavvy The Spruceand more
By Satoshi Nakamoto
Read it once, go read other crypto stuff, read it again… keep doing this until the whole document makes sense. It’ll take a while, but you’ll get there. This is the original whitepaper introducing and explaining Bitcoin, and there’s really nothing better out there to understand on the subject.
“What is needed is an electronic payment system based on cryptographic proof instead of trust, allowing any two willing parties to transact directly with each other without the need for a trusted third party

submitted by adrian_morrison to BlockchainNews [link] [comments]

Reminder: Market-timing questions are banned. Please report them. Threads will be removed.

As the news-reels about Brexit and deals (or lack there-of) continue to roll on, a timely reminder is needed that market timing questions are banned on this subreddit.
We have already spent the time and effort to write a wiki article explaining why, which I will copy below for your convenience.
For the avoidance of doubt, the following are examples of market timing questions that have been removed in the last few days:
This is currently the most-removed topic of discussion. Please continue to be vigilant and report rule-breaking threads. If in doubt, report them anyway and the mods can decide.
Thanks!

Wiki

Exchange Rate Questions

Since Brexit (and before but less frequently) we have had a slew of questions asking when the right time to exchange money to/from USD/CAD/EUR etc.
It is impossible to provide a meaningful answer to this. The exchange rate could get better, or worse, or neither. Nobody has a crystal ball of knows enough to predict the changes an hour, day, month, or year ahead.
For this reason, the mods have taken the decision to ban these questions, and threads will be locked and/or removed. Please refer to Rule 2 in the rules.
Regular poster pflurklurk summarised the issues concisely:
Essentially you can't predict the rate, so really it is up to your risk tolerance. You can transfer it now to ensure you have the sufficient number of pounds to satisfy your liability, or you can take a gamble (or a mixture of both by making multiple transfers).
Martin Lewis (of Moneysavingexpert fame) had the following to say (see his full blog here) This was before Brexit but the points are all still valid:
Ask yourself what rate is good for you?
Whatever happens to the euro rate, the future is out of your control. So forget trying to guess the market and instead ask yourself:
‘Would I be happy to get a rate of €1.26 for my holiday money…?’
If your answer is: “It’s a decent rate, I could have a reasonable holiday on that, and my real fear is it getting worse because that’d make things unaffordable” – then go safe and buy now. However if you do that and the pound strengthens, and in hindsight you’d have been better off waiting, don’t let the bitterness ruin your holiday.
For those stuck on what to do, there are a couple of halfway houses. To hedge your bets, simply buy half of what you’ll need now (using the methods below) and leave half until after the referendum. For another possible alternative, see the trick I’ve added at the end of this blog. (Or see the trick below for another halfway house.)
Personally I don’t do speculation. Instead, I just ensure I always get the best rates on the day.
The easy way to do this is with bureau busting, specialist travel credit cards. The two top picks right now are Halifax Clarity and Creation Everyday, which give near perfect exchange rates in every country, so just pocketing one means you know you’re getting a good deal. Though you do need to pay them off IN FULL each month to minimise interest.
Then if you’re really cool, funky and, ahem, down with the kids, like me, you can put them in your overseas wallet.
Another article here:

Market Timing Questions

Following major world events we have historically had a flurry of questions asking if this is a good/bad time to invest/disinvest/change allocations. The answer, as above, is that nobody knows.
When it comes to planning your personal finances and investing, you should remember this proverb:
The best time to plant a tree was twenty years ago. The second best time is now.
For a great resource on why market timing is A Bad Idea, there is a great Wiki page on Bogleheads
If that doesn't convince you, have a look at the CBS article "The Smartest Things Ever Said About Market Timing"
Here are some choice excerpts:
Peter Lynch, one-time Wall Street darling:
"I can't recall ever once having seen the name of a market timer on Forbes' annual list of the richest people in the world. If it were truly possible to predict corrections, you'd think somebody would have made billions by doing it."
Warren Buffett, the sage of Omaha:
"We continue to make more money when snoring than when active."
"The only value of stock forecasters is to make fortune-tellers look good."
submitted by q_pop to UKPersonalFinance [link] [comments]

Indian Financial Sector

Public sector banks will embark on second round of 2-day bottom-up ideation exercise beginning Thursday for further streamlining the banking sector to help the nation become a USD 5 trillion economy in 5 years. The second leg of the month-long campaign will be inter-bank and will be held at state-level as per the direction of Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. The first round was focussed at branch level and suggestions and ideas received from there will now be discussed at the state level from tomorrow, official sources said.
-Economic Times
Members of the RBI's Monetary Policy Committee at its rate review held on 7 August have agreed that supporting growth will remain their top priority in the midst of inflation remaining stable within the next 1 year, according to the minutes of the meeting released on today.
-Livemint
The Banks Board Bureau has invited applications for the post of MD & CEO in 4 leading PSBs — Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank and Canara Bank.
-Moneycontrol.com
The IL&FS had not disclosed any NPAs for the last 4 years, the RBI has said in a report. The report is based on inspection of IL&FS and IFIN and this has been conveyed by the new board of the IL&FS to the NCLT.
-Economic Times
SBI is planning to establish nearly 10 lakh YONO Cash Points in the country over 18 months, said its Chairman Rajnish Kumar today. The platform is secure and will eliminate the requirement of using debit cards, Kumar said.
-Business Line
BookMyForex.com, a marketplace for foreign exchange and remittances, has partnered with YES Bank to launch a co-branded multi-currency forex travel card for Indian overseas travellers. BookMyForex will offer zero margin or exact inter-bank rates 24x7 on forex card sales.
-Business Line
SEBI today provided more teeth to rating agencies by allowing them to obtain details of borrowings and defaults by companies. It also announced rewards for whistle blowers and approved changes in norms prohibiting insider trading.
-Economic Times
SBI Cards and Payment Services Pvt. Ltd, the credit card subsidiary of SBI, invited investment banks and lawyers to act as advisers for its proposed IPO.
-Moneycontrol.com
The finance ministry has initiated a review of India’s free trade agreement framework to assess the impact of such pacts on the overall economy. The view has been gaining ground among policymakers and industry that these free trade agreements (FTAs) brought little tangible benefit to India, while helping the partner country.
-Economic Times
IL&FS has informed NCLT that in contravention of a NCLAT order, banks have debited about Rs 759 crore in the last 8 months for repayment on their dues which amounts to coercive creditor action.
-Economic Times
Parle Products Pvt Ltd, a leading biscuit maker, might layoff up to 10,000 workers as slowing economic growth and falling demand in the rural heartland could cause production cuts, a Co executive said today.
-Business Line
The probe by the Enforcment Directorate in the money laundering case, involving former finance minister P Chidambaram, has been enlarged. It suspects his role in granting alleged illegal Foreign Investment Promotion Board clearances to at least four more business deals, apart from INX Media and Aircel-Maxis, and receiving multi-crore kickbacks through multiple shell firms, official sources said today. The CBI has issued a Look Out Circular P Chidambaram to prevent him from leaving the country, officials said.
-Business Line
USD/INR 71.55
SENSEX 37060.37(-267.64)
NIFTY50 10918.70 (-98.30)
 -#210819 
submitted by venuangamaly to indianews [link] [comments]

Indian Financial Sector

The RBI asked banks to ensure their ATMs are grouted to a wall, pillar, or floor by Sep-end, except those installed in high secured premises such as airports, to enhance security of the cash vending machines. In 2016, the RBI had set up a Committee on Currency Movement (CCM) to review the entire gamut of security of treasure in transit. Based on the recommendations of the panel, the RBI has now issued the instructions aimed at mitigating risks in ATM operations and enhancing security. -Economic Times
The RBI has promoted Rabi N Mishra as the central bank’s executive director, after the position fell vacant on Rosemary Sebastian’s retirement, sources said. Mishra was principal chief general manager of the bank’s risk management department. As ED, Mishra would be looking after the newly-created specialised supervisory and regulatory cadre within the RBI. -Business Standard
The National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA), the newly created regulator for auditors, has begun full-fledged investigations into the audit failure at IL&FS after taking over the job from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) in April this year. -Economic Times
The Anti-Corruption Bureau has registered a case against the city's Deputy Mayor Sheikh Imran and officials of the Jammu and Kashmir Bank for alleged illegal appropriation of crores of rupees from the state exchequer, a spokesman said today. -Moneycontrol.com
India’s goods exports grew 3.93% to $29.99 billion in May (year-on-year) following a growth in many key sectors such as engineering goods, iron ore and leather products, even as shipments of gems & jewellery and petroleum products declined. Imports were 7.76% higher at $45.35 billion during the month widening the trade deficit to $15.36 billion, compared to $14.62 billion in the same month last year. Gold imports in May posted an increase of 37.43% to $4.78 billion. -Business Line
Inching closer to its historic peak, India’s forex kitty increased by $1.68 billion to $423.55 billion for the week to June 7, RBI data showed on Friday. The foreign exchange reserves had increased by $1.87 billion to $421.86 billion in the previous reporting week. -Business Line
The rate of interest on SB deposits needs to be revised upwards by at least 2% and interest on fixed deposits should be exempted from the purview of income tax, according to suggestions made by the AIBEA to the Finance Minister. The association said banks should extend agriculture loan at the rate of 2% per annum. Further, they should extend education loan at concessional rate of interest of 5% to the poorer sections, with interest subvention. -Business Line
 -#150619 
submitted by venuangamaly to indianews [link] [comments]

Get $NOBS Listed on Gate.io!

Get $NOBS Listed on Gate.io!
🔥 All hands on deck!
We are working hard to get listed on new exchanges every day!
We would like to call on our community to help us get listed on gate.io.Gate.io is a top-50 exchange on CMC with appx $32M daily volume.
There are three easy steps
  1. Log in or register (no need to KYC) - https://gate.io/
  2. Please fill out the form found on this link - https://gate.io/listing (ALL OF THE INFORMATION YOU NEED IS AT THE BOTTOM)
⭐️ You might get the chance to win 1 ETH if you properly fill the form out! (paid by the exchange) ⭐️
⛔️ Please know that this doesn’t guarantee listing, but will get the gate.io team’s attention if they receive a lot of submitted applications from our community. Show them you want us listed!
👏 🙏 As always your support is so very much appreciated! We couldn't do this without all of you. Let's work together and try to get listed on another good exchange!
Dev Team Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Coin English Name: No BS Crypto
Coin Chinese Name: N/A
Coin Symbol: NOBS
ICO Date: N/A
Transferable Date: 2018/05/04
Token Blockchain: ETH
Token Contract Address: 0xf4faea455575354d2699bc209b0a65ca99f69982
Decimals: 18
Offical Website: https://nobscrypto.com/
Whitepaper Link: https://nobstoken.com/files/wp.pdf
Blockchain Explorer: https://etherscan.io/token/0xf4faea455575354d2699bc209b0a65ca99f69982?
Logo URL: https://imgur.com/Bw2AJuQ
Twitter Link: https://twitter.com/noBScrypto
Telegram Link: https://t.me/joinchat/Gn2Ocg_ugvLie-2VD7w4ig
English Project Introduction:
"Scams, frauds and pump and dump groups are prevalent in crypto today. How is the average crypto investor supposed to know which crypto project is legitimate and which is BS? Whether its an ICO, a Facebook group or an exchange - it's very hard to tell where your hard earned time or money can be safely spent.
The US has a centralized organization called the Better Business Bureau (BBB) to help consumers know which companies to avoid and which to trust. This organization is far from perfect, but it serves its purpose. There is no such organization for crypto. There are a few that attempt to offer rating services for ICOs, but those are fraught with pay-to-play manipulation, and the consumer is left wondering what is real and what is paid for or fake.
Crypto enthusiasts asks themselves the following types of questions and crypto projects every day:
""Is this telegram group a pump and dump group in disguise, or is it legitimate? Is this ICO a scam or a great opportunity? Are the founders who they say they are? Is their code spectacular? Is their white paper copy/pasted or original? Is this Twitter influencer REALLY stating his opinion, or was he merely paid to say that? Does this exchange have a history of hacks, or is my money safe here? Is this crypto podcast a waste of my time or does it actually offer value? Is this crypto Meetup group here in London a great group of people, or is it a sales pitch in disguise?""
$NOBS aims to be the answer to questions such as these and the solution to this major problem facing the world's newest asset class."
Chinese Introduction: [leave blank]
Total Supply: "10,000,000,000"
Circulating Supply: "734,531,783"
Token distribution: Airdrop
Initial Price: N/A
Trading Exchanges: "BitForex, CoinEx, Stocks.Exchange"
Other Instructions: N/A
submitted by the_perfesser to OfficialNoBSCrypto [link] [comments]

How you could use the economic changes to win the Forex Market?

How you could use the economic changes to win the Forex Market?
How you could use the economic changes to win the Forex Market?

The Forex market, which continuously operates 24 hours for 5 days in a week, is highly driven by the multiple economic indicators from the major economy. The economic indicators are released by the government or by some private organizations that look deep into the economic performance of the country. Reports generated through such indicators critically examine the economy which indicates whether the country’s economy is on a surge or slump.
The economic state of the country and the current events are the most widely used economic indicators which is used in forex options trading platform while trading Forex markets. Thus, a forex trader has to keep a sharp eye on the economic reforms and regulations to calculate its impact and make substantial profits. When a country booms in production, trade and other economic affairs, its currency value rises; On the contrary, when a country suffers from political imbroglio, unemployment, and inflation, its currency performs poorly in the market. Some of the indicators that serve as a significant instrument to measure the fluctuations of the Forex are as follows:

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

GDP is the most widely used gauge of the overall health of the economy, depicting the condition of the economy in the business cycle. The GDP is the key part which analyses the macroeconomics of the foreign exchange market. The US GDP data is released once in a quarter and even the latest estimate reports are the estimation of the past. Furthermore, the projections are extensively used in the Forex market as a tool in finding whether the US economy is on a positive trend or on a negative trend.

NONFARM PAYROLLS (NFP)

The nonfarm payrolls are released on the first Friday every month by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The nonfarm payrolls report has a large effect on market prices. Historically, the changes in the nonfarm payrolls usually follow a similar pattern as the quarterly GDP changes. Thus, the nonfarm payroll data can be used by a trader as a proxy to the GDP which has the tendency to move the Forex market considerably.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

The unemployment rate refers to the percentage of the workforce looking for the work, which offers trader insights into one of the key metrics followed by the Fed. When there is a strong deviation from the expectation, it is likely to cause a huge impact on the Forex market also currencies options trading. Historically, the rise in the unemployment rate would lead to the fall in the country’s currency value. Hence, a Forex trader must focus on the unemployment rate and know the state of the economy.

FEDERAL FUNDS RATE

The Federal Open Markets Committee (FOMC) meets eight times in a year and it determines the US monetary policy. The consequences of an FOMC meeting affects the Forex Market. The Forex market is largely affected by the level of interest rates of the two countries and the expectations regarding those interest rate by the traders generally influences the Forex market.The constant update about the Fed rate is quite essential for the Forex traders as the update in the Fed create a huge impact on the US dollar.

CONSUMER CONFIDENCE INDEX

The consumer confidence index typically depicts the feeling of the consumers. If the consumers feel secure in their jobs and are optimistic about their future economic prospects, then it can be inferred that they are ready for going out and spending. Such optimistic reports tend to make a strong impact on the Forex market. Strong reports usually lead to possible upturn for the economy and this is bullish for the Forex. On the other extreme, weak reports lead to possible upturn for the economy and this is bearish for the Forex market. Moreover, this index is heavily influenced by the labor market.
The Forex market is highly prone to the movements brought by the economic news from the major economies of the world. In order to successfully trade in the Forex market and options trading, a trader has to consider the impact of economic indicator along with the release dates of the reports. Moreover, in order to properly keep up-to-date, a trader has to have a trading plan ahead and also have a good quality news feed.
submitted by DualOptions to u/DualOptions [link] [comments]

Tips for avoiding card fees and banking charges when traveling abroad long-term

I’m leaving on January 1 for open-ended travels, and I thought some of you might find it helpful to see how I am planning to use credit cards, debit cards and cash to minimize fees and currency-exchange costs while abroad.
First, though, I should point out that I’m from the US and using US-based cards, so all the research I’ve done is from that perspective. And my first several destinations will definitely be in Europe, so I assume I’ll be able to use a credit card at most of the places I’ll go.
On past trips, I mostly tried to spend cash everywhere. I have a Chase checking account, and at the beginning of each week I was abroad, I would take out cash for 7 days from a local ATM, for which Chase would charge a flat $5 plus a fee for converting the cash. Most months, this worked out to about $25 in charges, and I just sort of wrote that off as a necessary expense.
This time, I want to be smarter about both avoiding fees and security — I was tempting fate by using a debit card exclusively for all these years. Here is my plan:
The Cards I’m Bringing On My Trip
First, I’m following the advice of Marcello Arrambide at Wandering Trader and setting up two accounts with my bank, still Chase. One has a debit card attached to it, and the other doesn’t. That way, I can easily control the amount of cash my debit card has access to.
Second, I’ll bring a Chase Sapphire Preferred credit card, which is what I’ll use for all of my non-cash payments. That card has no fees for foreign transactions, and that’s the main reason I got it.
Here are a few other American credit cards with no foreign transaction fees, courtesy of Nomadic Matt:
There are many more such cards, so just about anyone who qualifies for a credit card in the US can find a decent card to use abroad.
Tips for Using Credit Cards
Circle or check the amount in the local currency before you sign. If your receipt shows the total in dollars only, ask that it be rung up again in the local currency.
Ideally, you would be able to put most of your spending on your no-transaction-fee credit card and pay that off each month. That would be the cheapest way to spend money abroad — but far too many places are cash-only for that to work.
So, you’ll likely have to eat a charge for taking out money. The trick is to strike a balance between going to the ATM only sporadically and not carrying around fat wads of cash.
Getting Cash
No matter how you pay, you’ll lose a little bit of money on exchange rates. Credit cards tend to have the smallest spreads. After that are ATM withdrawals (and worst is exchanging cash at a currency exchange / bureau de change desk).
When withdrawing cash, it’s best to use an ATM inside of a bank rather than one on the street. I’ve had my debit card data stolen a couple of times by opting for convenient ATMs at a metro station (usually during a night out).
The cheapest options for using an ATM are if your card is from a bank that’s a part of the Global ATM Alliance, and you’re withdrawing from an ATM that’s part of that alliance. Keeping ATM withdraws within this network mostly eliminates foreign ATM charges, though there are some exceptions.
Again, protox88 has some helpful advice: Alliance members might still charge a forex spread (the cost of exchanging currencies) of 2.5% on your withdrawal.
No matter what, you’ll likely get charged something for taking cash out of an ATM because it costs banks money to exchange currencies.
Open a Schwab checking account and you'll have no fees at any ATM worldwide.
Exchanging Currencies
Currencies and forex are a huge topic, and one that used to make my eyes glaze over. After a few years of dealing with this stuff, I’ve learned a few things:
submitted by rockproper to travel [link] [comments]

[These Tips Rock!] BEST GOLD IRA - Need Ideas For Dealing With Gold IRA? Read This

Best Gold Ira Information
The gold market is an exceptional one to enter as an investor. Whether you want to buy or sell, there is always something new to learn. This article contains a great deal of valuable information that you can't trade without. Keep reading to better understand the market and how to take advantage of it.
Use caution when buying your gold. Make sure that you are buying from a reputable seller. You can learn who you can trust by searching the Better Business Bureau website and other resources like it. If you attempt to buy your gold through online actions, pay special attention to the seller's history.
REQUEST YOUR FREE GOLD INVESTMENT KIT
Really look into the reputation of the dealer that you are considering using. Because gold is such a high value commodity, there are a few shady operations out there that are looking to get the best of you. It's your job to make sure that doesn't happen. Research the companies fully.
Precious Metals
Before buying or selling gold, look into the market price for gold for the day. There are daily fluctuations on price for precious metals, so it's important for you to know what the current going rate is. This will help you understand whether the dealer is overpriced or fair in the offers made to you.
REQUEST YOUR FREE GOLD INVESTMENT KIT
Before buying or selling gold, know how precious metal prices work. There are fluctuations in the prices of these metals every day, and you will want to know the current price. You also will have to pay more than melt value, but you will sell below melt value.
Investing In Gold
Bullion is the best choice if investing in gold. There is a great variety of different weights. They range from just under an ounce on up to 400 ounces. However, you may have a hard time locating bars that weigh four hundred ounces.
The price of gold tends to fluctuate over time. It is smart to buy when gold prices are very low and then hold on to it. Don't panic and sell if the price goes up and comes back down. Investing in gold over a long period of time can really end up paying off.
Gold trading is a market where only those in the know survive. Not only that, they are the people who make the most profit as well. Now that you have this great knowledge under your belt, continue to strive to learn all that you can. The more that you know, the better your strategies will be.
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submitted by BrianPoll to RegalAssets [link] [comments]

Introduction to Forex trading in Zambia course part 1 What is an Exchange Rate? - YouTube How to make money on the Forex market? - YouTube Definition of exchange rate - YouTube Salam Forex Bureau Ltd..swf Real and Nominal Exchange Rates - YouTube CEBS - Currency Exchange Bureau System London

Some of the exchange rates of Forex bureau Kenya, which have been moderated by the Central Bank of Kenya include the following: Most expensive areas to buy land in Nairobi. Source: centralbank.go.ke Key CBK Indicative Exchange Rates (Date : 18-07-2018) Source: UGC. Source: centralbank.go.ke Key CBK Indicative Exchange Rates (Date : 18-07-2018) Source: UGC. Read also: Fake nuns steal KSh3 ... Daily Forex Exchange Bureau Rates - 20th June 2018 Download Daily Foreign Exchange Bureaux Rates-19 June 2018 Since 1965, FOREX Bank is the market leader in the Nordics for travel exchange. Since 2003 we also offer other bank services such as loans, accounts, cards and payment services. FOREX Bank AB, Box 2154, SE-103 14 Stockholm. Phone 010 211 10 00 O rganisation number 516406-0104. Change cookie settings Online Currency Convertor Services. Our currency calculator gives you real time figures based on the our online rate of the day. Simply choose the currency that you want to convert Malawi Kwacha into and we'll show you the exchange rate conversion. Treasury Reporting Rates of Exchange. Please Note: The Bureau of the Fiscal Service provides current and historical exchange rate information. We cannot provide advice on, or assistance with, investing in foreign currencies. Get Current Rates; Get Historical Rates; Report Description: This report provides exchange rate information under Section 613 of Public Law 87-195 dated September 4, 1961 ... View accurate and reliable live mid-market exchange rates from the global currency markets, generated from over 100 international sources. View our money transfer rates . Amount. From. USD US Dollar. To. EUR Euro. XE International Money Transfers. Great rates; Quick, easy, and secure; 24/7 online account access ; LEARN MORE. XE Currency Data API. Accurate rates for businesses; Simple ... Entebbe Rd Branch. Head Office, Metropole House Plot 8-10 +256-414-232620/232773. Alfa Forex Bureau, Avenue du travail. Ass Ubwiyunge Forex Bureau, opp. Taxi Park, Rue Mont Kabuye. Cagep Forex Bureau, Ave. de la Paix. Tel: +250 08424532. Dufatanye Forex Bureau, Rue Cartier Mateus. Tel: +250 08557517. Express Forex Bureau, City Plaza House. Avenue du Commerce, Tel: +250 577456. Give & Take, Tel:+250 571138 Great Lakes Forex Bureau, Avenue du travail, Calculate live currency and foreign exchange rates with the fourex currency converter Fourex accepts over 150 currencies coins and notes Pre-order currrency Forex Currencies Exchange Rates - 10 November, 2020. Forex Quotes change rapidly during the trading day. Exchange rate is the cost of the chosen currency at a certain moment of time in comparison with the other currency. In the Forex Rates table below you can find the exchange rates of the most popular currencies as well as the latest fluctuations between them. You can also use our free ...

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Introduction to Forex trading in Zambia course part 1

Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Our Forex Services are Superb. We offer competitive rates for most of the major currencies. Watch our video to find out the basic processes taking place on the foreign exchange market and how you can benefit from them. In addition, you will learn ho... Forex/Foreign Exchange/Money Exchange/ Currency Exchange Services in Ahmedabad - Duration: 0:36. MoneyGram Money Transfer and Money Exchange Ahmedabad 1,379 views 0:36 Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events. Our word of the day is “Exchange Rate”. Exchange rate is the value a... Definition of exchange rate #exchange #rate exchange rate XE - The World's Trusted Currency Authority X-Rates: Exchange Rates Currency Converter Foreign Ex... zambia forex exchange rates zambia forex traders forex in zambia forex traders in zambia forex trading in zambia forex brokers zambia zambia forex bureau forex exchange in zambia zambia forex ...

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